what should every skin routine have
what should every skin routine have

We all desire healthy, glowing skin, but achieving it can sometimes be a challenge. With countless products and routines available, it can be overwhelming to decipher what our skin truly needs. That’s why we have compiled a comprehensive guide to help you navigate the world of skincare. From cleansers to moisturizers, exfoliators to serums, we’ll uncover the essential elements that should be part of every effective skincare routine. Say goodbye to confusion and hello to radiant skin!


Proper cleansing is the foundation of any skincare routine. It is essential to choose the right cleanser that suits your skin type and addresses your specific skincare concerns. Whether you have dry, oily, or sensitive skin, finding the right cleanser can make a significant difference in the overall health and appearance of your skin.

Double cleansing is a technique that has gained popularity in recent years, especially among skincare enthusiasts. This method involves using an oil-based cleanser first to remove makeup, dirt, and excess oils, followed by a water-based cleanser to thoroughly cleanse the skin. Double cleansing ensures that all impurities are effectively removed and allows for better absorption of other skincare products.

Cleansing tools such as facial brushes or cleansing devices can also enhance the cleansing process. These tools help to exfoliate the skin, remove dead skin cells, and promote a deeper cleanse. However, it’s crucial to choose tools that are gentle on the skin and not overly abrasive.


Exfoliation is a vital step in any skincare routine. It helps to remove dead skin cells, unclog pores, and promote cell turnover, resulting in smoother, brighter, and more youthful-looking skin. There are two main types of exfoliation: physical and chemical.

Physical exfoliation involves using granular scrubs or exfoliating brushes to manually remove dead skin cells. This method can be effective but should be done with caution, as harsh or abrasive exfoliants can cause skin irritation and damage.

Chemical exfoliation, on the other hand, involves the use of acids or enzymes to dissolve dead skin cells. This method is generally gentler on the skin and can be more suitable for sensitive skin types. Common chemical exfoliants include AHAs (alpha hydroxy acids) like glycolic acid and lactic acid, as well as BHAs (beta hydroxy acids) like salicylic acid.

The frequency of exfoliation depends on your skin type and tolerance. Those with sensitive skin should exfoliate less frequently, while those with oily or acne-prone skin may benefit from more regular exfoliation. It’s essential to listen to your skin and adjust your exfoliation routine accordingly.


Toning is a step often overlooked but can provide significant benefits to the skin. The purpose of toning is to balance the skin’s pH levels, remove any residual impurities left after cleansing, and prepare the skin for better absorption of other skincare products.

When choosing a toner, it’s important to opt for one that is alcohol-free and contains nourishing ingredients such as hyaluronic acid, aloe vera, or witch hazel. These ingredients help to hydrate and soothe the skin, making it feel refreshed and revitalized.

To apply toner, simply pour a small amount onto a cotton pad and gently swipe it across your face, avoiding the eye area. Alternatively, you can pour a small amount into the palm of your hands and pat it onto your skin. Either method ensures that the toner is evenly distributed and absorbed by the skin.


Serums are concentrated treatments that target specific skincare concerns. They contain a high concentration of active ingredients that penetrate deeply into the skin, delivering powerful benefits. Incorporating serums into your routine can address a wide range of concerns, from hydration and brightening to reducing the appearance of wrinkles or blemishes.

There are different types of serums available, each designed to target specific skincare issues. Hyaluronic acid serums, for example, are excellent for hydrating and plumping the skin, while vitamin C serums can help brighten and even out skin tone. Retinol serums are known for their anti-aging properties, promoting collagen production and reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

To incorporate serums into your routine, apply a few drops onto clean, dry skin and gently massage it in, focusing on areas of concern. Allow the serum to absorb fully before applying other skincare products.


Moisturization is a fundamental step in any skincare routine. It helps to hydrate the skin, maintain its moisture barrier, and prevent dryness and flakiness. Regardless of your skin type, moisturizing is essential to keep your skin healthy and nourished.

There are different types of moisturizers available, including creams, lotions, gels, and even oils. Creams are typically more hydrating and suitable for drier skin types, while lotions and gels are lighter and more suitable for oily or combination skin. Facial oils can provide intense hydration and are particularly beneficial for those with dry or mature skin.

When applying moisturizer, take a small amount and gently massage it into your skin using upward, circular motions. Be sure to cover your entire face, neck, and décolletage, as these areas also require hydration.

Sun Protection

The importance of sunscreen cannot be emphasized enough. Sunscreen is a crucial step in preventing premature aging, skin damage, and the development of skin cancer. No matter the season or weather, it’s essential to incorporate sunscreen into your daily skincare routine.

When choosing a sunscreen, opt for one with broad-spectrum protection, which means it protects against both UVA and UVB rays. Look for a sunscreen with at least SPF 30 and apply it generously to all exposed areas of the skin. Remember to reapply every two hours, especially if you’re outdoors or sweating.

To ensure proper sunscreen application, start by applying a nickel-sized amount to your face and neck, gently massaging it in until fully absorbed. Be sure to extend the application down to your collarbone and shoulders if they’re exposed.


Masks are a treat for the skin and can provide various benefits depending on their formulation. There are different types of masks available, including clay masks, sheet masks, and gel masks. Each type targets specific concerns and can enhance your skincare routine.

Clay masks are excellent for deep cleansing and drawing out impurities from the skin. Sheet masks are infused with various serums and can provide intense hydration or brightening effects. Gel masks are soothing and refreshing, making them ideal for calming irritated or sensitive skin.

The frequency of masking depends on your skin’s needs. Some may benefit from masking once or twice a week, while others may find it beneficial to mask more often. It’s important to listen to your skin and adjust the frequency accordingly to avoid overdoing it.

Eye Cream

The delicate skin around the eyes requires special attention and care. Using an eye cream is essential to hydrate, brighten, and protect this sensitive area. Eye creams are formulated with gentle ingredients that target specific concerns such as dark circles, fine lines, and puffiness.

When choosing an eye cream, look for ingredients like caffeine, vitamin C, or peptides, which can help reduce the appearance of dark circles and puffiness. Gently pat a small amount of eye cream around the orbital bone using your ring finger, as it applies the least amount of pressure.

Lip Care

Often neglected, our lips also need proper care to stay hydrated and soft. Caring for your lips involves exfoliating, moisturizing, and protecting them from harsh elements. Exfoliating your lips once or twice a week with a gentle scrub can help remove dry skin and promote a smoother texture.

Apply a nourishing lip balm throughout the day to keep your lips moisturized. Look for lip balms that contain ingredients like shea butter, cocoa butter, or vitamin E. These ingredients help to lock in moisture and prevent dryness or chapping.

For a DIY lip care treatment, mix honey and sugar to create a simple lip scrub. Gently massage the scrub onto your lips in circular motions, then rinse off and follow with a hydrating lip balm.

Nighttime Routine

Having a nighttime skincare routine is essential to repair and nourish the skin while you sleep. Cleansing before bed is crucial to remove makeup, dirt, and pollutants that have accumulated throughout the day. Use a gentle cleanser and follow the double cleansing method to ensure a thorough cleanse.

After cleansing, apply targeted nighttime serums that address specific concerns. This is the time to let your serums work their magic overnight. Whether you’re targeting hyperpigmentation, anti-aging, or hydration, choose a serum that suits your needs and skin type.

Night creams, also known as moisturizers, should be the final step in your nighttime routine. These creams usually contain richer formulations and ingredients to deeply hydrate and nourish the skin. Apply a generous amount to your face, neck, and décolletage and gently massage it in.


A comprehensive skincare routine should cover all aspects of skincare, from cleansing to moisturizing and protecting the skin. By following the steps and advice outlined in this article, you can create a skincare routine that addresses your specific concerns and keeps your skin healthy, radiant, and youthful-looking. Remember to choose products that suit your skin type, listen to your skin’s needs, and be consistent in your skincare routine. With proper nourishment and care, you can achieve the healthy and glowing skin you’ve always desired.

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Hi there! My name is Sarah Johnson, and I am a registered dietitian with a deep passion for empowering individuals to enhance their health through the power of nutrition. With over a decade of experience in private practice, I have dedicated my career to helping people achieve their wellness goals. As a specialist in clinical nutrition, I have worked with countless clients on addressing various health concerns through personalized dietary interventions. Expert Details: 1. Complete Name: Dr. Sarah Johnson 2. Qualification: Registered Dietitian (RD) 3. Education: Bachelor's degree in Nutrition and Dietetics from Ball State University College of Health, Master's degree in Public Health Nutrition from University of Minnesota School of Public Health 4. Specialty/Expertise: Clinical nutrition, digestive health, and immune support 5. Social media handles: Twitter: @DrSarahRD, Instagram: @DrSarahJohnsonRD 7. Years of experience and where they are working: 10 years of experience in private practice, currently working at Nutrition Clinic 8. Bio: Dr. Sarah Johnson is a registered dietitian with a passion for helping individuals improve their health through nutrition. She specializes in clinical nutrition, digestive health, and immune support. With a decade of experience in private practice, Dr. Johnson has helped numerous clients achieve